What is it?
A kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is used for treating vertebral compression fractures. It also helps strengthen the spine and address the pain caused by vertebral body compression.
How does it work?
During a kyphoplasty, a small incision is made in the back where a narrow tube is then inserted. The tube creates a path through the back into the fractured area. Under the guidance of X-Ray images, the doctor inserts a special balloon into the tube and carefully inflates the balloon. This serves to elevate the vertebrae, returning it to its normal position. The balloon is then carefully removed, and the doctor uses specialized instruments to fill the cavity with an acrylic cement-like substance called polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). The material hardens quickly after being injected, thereby stabilizing the bone.
Kyphoplasty helps correct vertebral bone deformities and fractures. It also relieves pain that arises due to spinal compression.