Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure to treat certain spine issues, specifically fractures or collapses in the bones of your spine called vertebrae. Imagine your spine like a stack of blocks, and sometimes one of these blocks can break or get compressed, causing pain. In kyphoplasty, a small balloon is first inserted into the broken or compressed bone. When inflated, it creates a space.
What is it?
Then, a special bone cement is injected into this space to stabilize and support the bone, kind of like fixing it from the inside. This can help reduce pain and restore the shape of the spine. So, it’s like a little repair job to mend and strengthen a part of your spine that might be causing discomfort. It eases pain and restores spine height. This treatment helps people regain mobility and quality of life.
A kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is used for treating vertebral compression fractures. It also helps strengthen the spine and address the pain caused by vertebral body compression.
How does it work?
During a kyphoplasty, a small incision is made in the back where a narrow tube is then inserted. The tube creates a path through the back into the fractured area. Under the guidance of X-Ray images, the doctor inserts a special balloon into the tube and carefully inflates the balloon. This serves to elevate the vertebrae, returning it to its normal position. The balloon is then carefully removed, and the doctor uses specialized instruments to fill the cavity with an acrylic cement-like substance called polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). The material hardens quickly after being injected, thereby stabilizing the bone.
Kyphoplasty helps correct vertebral bone deformities and fractures. It also relieves pain that arises due to spinal compression.
What conditions can this treat?
- Vertebral bone deformities
- Vertebral fractures
- Hyperkyphosis (hunched back)
- Cancer metastasized to spine
- Primary bone tumor (bone cancer)
- Pathologic fractures from multiple myeloma/lymphoma